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- 08/03/15--00:05: _Nepal: Nepal: Sindh...
- 08/03/15--00:07: _Nepal: Nepal: Kabhr...
- 08/03/15--00:08: _Nepal: Nepal: Ramec...
- 08/03/15--00:09: _Nepal: Nepal: Okhal...
- 08/03/15--00:10: _Nepal: Nepal: Dolak...
- 08/03/15--01:37: _Myanmar: Asia and t...
- 08/10/15--02:56: _China: Asia and the...
- 08/13/15--06:51: _Nepal: Nepal Earthq...
- 08/17/15--23:39: _Nepal: Nepal: Food ...
- 08/24/15--03:20: _Nepal: Nepal Earthq...
- 09/21/15--02:19: _Fiji: Asia and the ...
- 09/28/15--02:24: _Fiji: Asia and the ...
- 10/05/15--03:25: _Nepal: Asia and the...
- 10/12/15--00:48: _Nepal: Nepal Earthq...
- 10/20/15--00:11: _Nepal: Nepal: Food ...
- 10/20/15--00:15: _Nepal: Nepal: Food ...
- 10/20/15--00:16: _Nepal: Nepal: Food ...
- 11/02/15--01:25: _Philippines: Asia a...
- 11/03/15--04:28: _Nepal: Nepal Earthq...
- 11/03/15--20:03: _World: Global Food ...
- 08/17/15--23:39: Nepal: Nepal: Food Security Presence Map (as of 29 July 2015)
- 11/03/15--04:28: Nepal: Nepal Earthquake: Humanitarian Snapshot (as of 31 Oct 2015)
Heavy rains during the last two weeks have caused floods and landslides in several parts of the country. On 31 Jul, the President’s Office announced natural disaster zones in Chin State, Sagaing Region, Magway Region and Rakhine State. As of 2 Aug, the Government has reported over 200,000 people affected and 36 people killed. This figure is likely to rise as more information becomes available.
The Government is leading the response providing food, water, medicines, shelter, non-food items, cash and other relief items.
The UN and INGOs are conducting assessments and scaling up the response, including providing food, emergency health services, water and sanitation assistance, shelter and mosquito nets.1
The highest rainfall and floods in over 40 years occurred in the northern coastal province of Quang Ninh.
Severe flash floods and landslides were also reported in nearby mountainous areas. On 30 Jul, the Central Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control (CCNDPC) reported 17 people killed, over 1,450 households evacuated, 3,000 households deluged by floodwater and over 30 houses collapsed.
The Central Government is undertaking assessments and search and rescue operations. There is no request for international support. UN partners are supporting satellite imagery acquisition for further situation analysis.2
Landslides caused by severe flooding killed at least 21 people in Manipur. The National Disaster Response Force is conducting relief and rescue activities as flood waters begin to recede.3
Landslides caused by heavy rain occurred in two villages in Kaski district, around 150km west of Kathmandu. As of 30 Jul, media report at least 29 people killed and 22 houses destroyed throughout the district. The death toll is expected to rise further as search operations continue. Floods and landslides are expected to further hamper delivery of aid to areas affected by the Apr and May earthquakes.4
Tropical Cyclone Soudelor is currently over the northern Mariana Islands.
There are no reports of damage so far.
Soudelor is forecast to intensify rapidly as it moves toward China, strengthening to a category five storm (super typhoon) early on 9 Jul. Soudelor is predicted to weaken before making landfall in northern Taiwan (Province of China) where there is significant capacity to respond to natural disasters.5
On 28 Jul, Indonesia's meteorological agency, BMKG, reported a 7.2 magnitude earthquake had hit Papua Province 75 km south-east of Mamberamo Raya District. Local authorities reported several houses, a hospital and a warehouse in Kasonaweja city (capital) had suffered minor damage while one house was heavily damaged, and one person remains missing.
The national and local authorities are coordinating an assessment of the area, which is challenging due to access difficulties.
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
On 31 Jul, the National Disaster Center (NDC) confirmed that Manam volcano in Madang province intermittently spewed ash. Local media reports that two people sustained head injuries due to falling debris from the volcano. As of 1 Aug no casualties were reported while estimated damage to crops remains undetermined. As of 2 Aug no further ash fall was reported.7
On 8 Aug Typhoon Soudelor killed six people in Taiwan, Province of China.
On 9 Aug Souledor hit Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi and Anhui provinces in mainland China.
In Zhejiang, Soudelor has left another 14 people dead, four missing, 1.58 million people affected, destroyed 220 houses and forced 188,400 to relocate. In Fujian, power supply for more than three million households was affected and since been restored in 1.14 million households. Three airports were closed, with more than 530 flights cancelled. Over 10,000 people in Anhui Province were evacuated.
Authorities in Anhui, Jiangsu and Jiangxi provinces have initiated level 3 emergency responses for the typhoon affected areas; at the national level, the Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA) and National Committee for Disaster Reduction (NCDR) have also mobilized response capacity for a level-4 response.
As of 10 Aug, the Government reports over 1 million people are severely affected and at least 99 people died as a result of monsoonal floods across 12 of Myanmar’s 14 states and regions since mid-July.
1 million people affected
The Government is leading the response providing food, water, medicines, shelter, and other relief items. The UN and INGOs are scaling up to address critical needs in food, shelter, health care, safe water, adequate sanitation services, protection and psychosocial services. CERF has released US$9 million to aid organizations to rapidly scale up life-saving response operations.
National authorities reported 32 deaths due to floods in north Viet Nam since 27 Jul. The worst affected province is Quang Ninh, where 17 people died. The National Centre for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting predicted further rainfall in northern areas. Rapid field assessment from Quang Ninh indicated that many communities are commencing recovery activities.
DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPLUBLIC OF KOREA
Torrential rains on 1-5 Aug caused flooding in South Hwanghae and South and North Hamgyong Provinces. The State Committee for Disaster Management reported more than 3,400 people affected, 21 deaths and nine remain missing. Over 690 houses were completely destroyed, as well as public infrastructure, including roads, bridges and dams. More than 4,000 hectares of crops are damaged.
The DPRK Red Cross, in close cooperation with local authorities, conducted damage and needs assessment and the DPRK Red Cross with IFRC distributed non-food items and other essential relief items to seven communities in the three affected provinces.
PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF LAO
Continuous rains since early Aug triggered flooding in 118 villages in 12 districts in Houphan, Bolikhamxay, Khammoune and Luangnamtha provinces.
As of 6 Aug, the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare reported over 47,800 people affected.
No deaths were reported. National and local authorities are leading response efforts, including conducting assessments, road clearing and distribution of relief items.5
47,800 people affected
Almost 2,550 relief camps are providing shelter to over 456,000 people affected by floods and landslides in West Bengal. Over 660 medical camps are also operational. The National Disaster Response Force is conducting relief and recovery activities.
Almost 12,900 people are displaced due to recurrent volcanic activities on Mount Sinabung, Mount Raung and Mount Gamalama. Local government, supported by the Indonesian Red Cross, is providing assistance. Mount Sinabung remains at Alert Level IV (the highest) and the Government is considering extending the emergency response phase. Mount Raung and Mount Gamalama remain at Alert Levels III and II respectively.
Precipitation over the next three months is expected to greatly diverge from average levels. The Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea are very likely to receive less rain than normal. Meanwhile Tuvalu, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, and Micronesia are very likely to receive greater than average rainfall.
The back-to-back earthquakes of 25 April and 12 May and their many aftershocks had devastating effects on lives and livelihoods of thousands of people, many of whom remain in urgent need of vital humanitarian assistance. The disaster further exacerbated pre-existing vulnerabilities and pushed many families deeper into poverty. Although the humanitarian situation has improved over the past three months, providing those affected with shelter, food and livelihoods support, water and sanitation, medical care, and protection has been and remains paramount. The cold and damp monsoon weather is making the survivors even more vulnerable and, as many of them remain in far flung, mountainous areas, increased logistics support, including airlift capacity, is vital for the responders to continue to reach them.
Current estimates indicate that households of more than 710,000 families were destroyed or damaged, leaving them in need of shelter support. Some 1.4 million people continue to require food assistance, while 1 million people necessitate support to protect and restore their livelihoods. Sustained water and sanitation support is needed for up to 2 million people. Up to 2 million m3 of debris requires management too. To date, 340,000 households were provided with emergency shelter and 170,000 families benefitted from other shelter support. 980,000 people were provided with food and some 281,000 livelihood kits were distributed. 99.8 per cent of damaged medical facilities have by now resumed provision of basic health services.
Four months since the 25 April earthquake, affected communities continue to face multiple hazard risks and remain in need of aid. Heavy rains brought by the monsoon over the past month continued to trigger landslides and floods across the country. While in general the humanitarian situation has improved, hundreds of thousands of people still need shelter, food, access to water and sanitation, medical care, education and protection. During the monsoon season, there has been an increase in water borne disease cases. According to the Epidemiology and Disease Control Division, Ministry of Health and Population, 29 cases of cholera have been confirmed in the Kathmandu Valley. In collaboration with the Government, the WASH Cluster has provided some 2 million people with emergency water assistance and 435,400 people with sustained water through the provision of emergency repairs to damaged water systems.
An estimated 1.4 million people continue to require food assistance to meet their daily dietary requirements while 1 million people need to protect and restore their agri-based livelihoods. Of the over 700,000 households whose homes have been destroyed or damaged, just over 50 per cent have been provided with emergency shelter – durable shelter solutions are urgently needed.
Early recovery activities and restoration of livelihood continue to be implemented across the affected districts. Out of the 2 million people targeted by the Early Recovery Cluster, 871,000 has been reached. An estimated 36,000 households have benefitted from safe demolition and debris removal and some 200,000 people, including 109,000 women, benefitted from rehabilitated community infrastructure.
In Fiji, 50,000 people are now estimated to be affected by reduced rainfall connected with El Niño. The impacts of El Niño in Fiji are now well established with water shortages forcing the government to continue water deliveries in some farming communities and on the outer islands. The dry weather has cut the sugar cane harvest, reduced fruit and vegetable production and increased food prices. Farmers are reporting stock losses because of water shortages and the reduced rainfall is impacting on hydro-electric power generation capacity.
50000 people affected
Humanitarian partners in Vanuatu are reporting El Niño-related food and water shortages on several islands which were badly hit by Tropical Cyclone Pam earlier this year. There is insufficient water in spring and rain fed streams to meet minimum population needs. There are now numerous reports of hungry people in Erromango and North Tanna, as well as increased cases of diarrhea. Humanitarian partners have reported that people are resorting to chewing roots and eating leaves with no nutritional value. Food distributions are planned for Tanna next week
On 20 September, the President of Nepal released the country's new constitution triggering renewed violent protests across the Terai region. Clashes between security forces and protesters over the past several weeks have caused more than 40 casualties according to media reports. The military have been deployed in four ‘riot hit’ districts and a curfew has been imposed.
40 people dead
Five communes were flooded in Teuk Chhou District, Kampot Province when the main gate of the hydro-electrical damn was opened. Around 4,400 households (22,000 people) have been affected in Mak Prang, Kampong Kreng, Stoeung Keo, Trapang Thum and Prey Khmum communes.
This has been exacerbated by heavy rainfall in the area. Around 2,300 hectares of agricultural land has been flooded. The Cambodian Government and Cambodian Red Cross are providing assistance, including food to 349 households.
The living conditions of people displaced by the 2013 conflict in Zamboanga remain of concern. About 300 displaced families in Lupa-Lupa and Mariki Elementary School remain without adequate access to basic services. Some internally displaced people continue to stay in congested makeshift dwellings and tents occupied by four to five families, while others resorted to taking refuge in partially-damaged houses. Families in Mariki Elementary School occupy classrooms without proper water and sanitation facilities. The main water bladder with a capacity of 5,000 litres is located away from the school and most IDPs purchase water from host communities. Concerns remain over the protection risks and increased vulnerabilities of the IDPs following two years of displacement.
300 displaced families
CHINA / JAPAN
Tropical Cyclone Dujuan is currently a Category 4 storm about 200km east of Taiwan province of China.
The China Meteorological Administration issued warnings for the powerful typhoon which is scheduled to make landfall on 29 Sep. Given that there are public holidays in China, the government is working to ensure the safety of tourists visiting seaside areas.
In Japan, warnings for heavy rain, flood, storm, high waves and storm surge are in place for Ishigakijima and Yonagunijima. Flights and ships to/from these islands are cancelled.
Some 11,700 households (nearly 59,000 people) remain displaced in 120 sites in 13 earthquake affected districts. While the general trend suggests that the number of sites decreased over the past months, the population in larger sites has increased. In addition, political unrest continues to affect the Terai region. The Government confirmed 44 deaths (33 protesters and 11 security forces) as a result of protest clashes over the past several weeks. Political strikes have disrupted the transportation of agricultural items to mainly high altitude areas.
59,000 people affected
Rapid assessments are now underway in drought and cyclone affected provinces of Vanuatu to determine the scale of water and food shortages associated with El Niño. Emergency food distributions will begin to target 15,000+ households, as well as schools and health facilities. At least one child died in connection with the drought and more are currently being treated for malnutrition.
15,000 HHs targeted by food distributions
Heavy rainfall on 19 and 20 September, caused by Tropical Cyclone Vamco, affected 1,300 households (around 6,300 people) in several districts in Battambang Province. The flooding pattern is similar to 2013, but water levels are lower because additional water was not released from the Thai side of the border. This is in addition to flooding that occurred in Kampot Province affecting 22,000 people after water was released from an over capacity dam, coupled with heavy rainfall from TC Vamco. The Cambodian Government and Cambodian Red Cross is providing food assistance to those affected.
28,000 people affected
The Fiji Government estimates more than 67 000 people are now affected by the country’s El Niño-related drought. Water trucking operations have now stepped-up to cover the increasing needs of people, agriculture and livestock. A total of 54 schools (12,000 students) received emergency water supplies.
67,000 displaced families
On 25 September at 00:53 local time, an earthquake measuring between 6.6 – 6.8 magnitude, struck offshore approximately 31 km northeast of Sorong City, West Papua Province. The Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency, BNPB, reported 17 people severely injured and another 45 with lesser injuries. There were no fatalities. More than 2,400 buildings were damaged. BNPB has mobilized its Rapid Response Team to support local BPDB authorities to assist those affected. The local BPBD undertook evacuations and transportation of the injured to local hospitals.
Access closures along the Nepal-India border and ongoing political unrest in the Terai region has constrained delivery of daily supplies and winterization materials. An estimated 81,000 households living in high altitude areas are at risk if winterization goods are not delivered within the next few weeks. In 120 displacement sites hosting some 59,000 people, about 85% of shelter, are not suitable for the coming winter. Fuel rationing has limited operations and aid.
According to local media reports, the Indian Government has requested border agencies to ensure movement of goods. Supplies are slowly beginning to come across open border points.
81,000 households at risk
Typhoon Mujigae made landfall in China near the coastal city of Zhanjiang in Guangdong province on Sunday 4 Oct. Four people were killed and 16 people are missing as of Sunday afternoon. The Zhanjiang Maritime Rescue Centre also reported that more than 117 fishermen were rescued. International flights, maritime travel, and high speed trains were suspended on Saturday and Sunday. Mujugae is expected to continue to bring gale-force winds and torrential rain to the coastal regions of Guangdong, Guangxi and Hainan on 4 and 5 October 2015.
4 people killed
Continuous heavy rain since mid-Sep in the southern regions resulted in floods and landslides, causing eight deaths and nine injuries. Over 7,300 people are affected by adverse weather conditions in 4 districts and 450 houses were partially damaged and 151 houses were fully damaged. A total of 344 people remain displaced in welfare centres due to flood and landslide situation.
7,300 people affected
Haze, caused by illegal burning of forest and peat for agricultural planting continues to cause dangerous levels of air pollution in several provinces. More than 167,000 cases of acute respiratory infections have been reported, as of 23 Sep. A number of schools in Kalimantan and Sumatra remain closed. The government is mobilizing 21 planes and water bombing helicopters, as well as around 21,000 personnel in the six affected provinces. The GoI anticipates the land and forest fires may last until the end of November 2015.
As of 4 Oct, over 800 families (about 4,200 people) from Surigao del Sur province are displaced and staying in three evacuation centres, according to local authorities. Local media attributed the new influx of IDPs to the reported presence of unidentified heavily-armed men, which prompted residents of three highland communities to flee their homes. The authorities, with support from local civil society organizations, Philippine Red Cross and other partners continue to provide food packs, hygiene kits and other relief assistance to the IDPs.5
4,200 people displaced
According to the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD), India received 14% rainfall during this year’s monsoon season. The deficit is largely the result of poor rainfall received throughout the month of August generally attributed to El Niño. This will particularly impact marginal and heavily indebted farmers. This is the second consecutive year of poor rainfall.
Tropical Cyclone Dujuan passed over the Yaeyama islands of Japan on 28 Sep, there was no reported casualties, but 318 persons were evacuated. TC Dujuan then made landfall in China on 29 Sep. No significant impact was reported.
The Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea remain very likely to receive less rain than normal. Forecasts also predict less than average rainfall for much of Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. Pacific islands such as Vanuatu, Fiji, Tonga and Samoa area also forecasted to be drier than normal. Meanwhile Tuvalu, Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, and Micronesia are very likely to receive greater than average rainfall.
Five months after the first of the two devastating earthquakes hit Nepal, the immediate humanitarian needs of the earthquake-affected people have largely been met with responders now transitioning to recovery and rehabilitation programming. On 30 September, the Nepal Flash Appeal ended with 57 percent funding. Field coordination hubs in Gorkha, Sindhupalchok and Dolakha districts transitioned to local level coordination structures.
With the coming winter season, at least 81,000 households in high altitude villages require additional humanitarian relief and shelter items. More than 58,000 people remain in 120 displacement sites in 13 districts – 85 per cent of shelter in these sites are not suitable for the winter. Some 530,000 people in 11 districts are still food insecure and require food and cash assistance.
Nearly 714,000 people remain displaced across Regions I, II, III and the Cordillera Administrative Region, two weeks after Typhoon Koppu (known locally as Lando) made landfall in the Philippines. Around 80 per cent of those displaced are in Regions I and III where damage to houses was most severe.
According to the Government, 9,100 people (2,400 families) are in 37 evacuation centres. An additional 704,000 people (164,000 families) are staying with relatives and friends or in the open nearby their damaged homes. As of 1 Nov, there were 48 confirmed deaths, mainly from drowning and landslides. Another 83 people were injured and 4 are missing. The Philippines Humanitarian Country Team, in consultation with line departments, is planning targeted and coordinated assistance in health, agriculture and emergency shelter.
48 people dead
714,000 people displaced
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Assessment reports confirm the occurrence of frost in July and August. Coupled with the drought, the frost has impacted economic and agricultural activities, as well as access to education and health services. According to the Government, the current situation will become devastating if the drought continues for another three to four months.
Key needs include the provision of drinking water and purification tablets, as well as food. According to the Government, about 2.4 million people are affected by drought, of which 1 million people live in the most severely affected regions.
2.4 million people affected
Fighting that broke out between the Myanmar Military and Shan State Army North (SSA-N) forces in Mongshu Township, Shan State has continued, causing further displacement. According to local organisations and INGOs, up to 6,000 people remain displaced staying in monasteries and IDP camps. Assessments undertaken by INGOs and local CSOs identified immediate needs in hygiene kits, clothing, blankets, food, health, shelter and WASH. INGOs and local organisations are providing assistance to those displaced, including food, hygiene kits and other non-food items, but further assistance is needed.
6,000 people displaced
Rationing and water deliveries are underway to the worst hit parts of the Solomon Islands with predictions that below average rainfall will continue until February next year. Some schools, police stations and hospitals are already facing closure because of water shortages. Some villagers are walking 2-3 hours to get clean drinking water and work is being suspended for half-days in the worst hit areas to allow for water collection.
Nepali police have cleared protesters from the Nepal/India border crossing at Birgunj which was closed for over 40 days. This raises hopes that fuel shortages which have been hampering humanitarian relief, will ease. Nevertheless it is expected that it will take at least several weeks before the situation returns to normal. In the meantime the CERF has allocated US$1.2 million for strengthened UNHAS air lift capacity which will move much needed supplies to communities living above 1,500m before the onset of winter.
As of 17 October, an estimated 30 per cent of the monthly requirement of fuel was met. This has significantly impacted the humanitarian operations and overall economy of Nepal.
The gFSC global dashboard provides a quick snapshot of the country-level Food Security Clusters around the world. The updated dasboard shows that as of October 2015, the country-level Food Security Clusters remain only at 52 percent funded against their yearly requirements